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Mediterranean (European) Fan Palm Trees - (Chamaerops humilis) . Be sure to review the Mediterranean Fan Palm pictures and view the variety of locations the Mediterranean Fan Palm Tree grows.
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Mediterranean Fan Palms - Cold Hardy Palm Trees

(Chamaerops humilis), also known as the European Fan Palm Tree.

Mediterranean Fan Palm Trees are cold hardy from 5 to 15 degrees (lower depending on the age and growth of the cold hardy palm trees) Mediterranean Fan palm trees can grow to 15 feet tall. The following is detailed information on the cold hardy Mediterranean Fan palms.

Mediterranean (European) Fan Palms (Chamaerops humilis) have beauty, ruggedness, versatility, cold hardiness and drought resistance. Cold hardy Mediterranean Fan Palm trees are also fairly fast growing when supplied adequate moisture and fertilizer.

Mediterranean (European) Fan Palm Trees (Chamaerops humilis) Overview

Mediterranean Fan palm trees' leaves are arranged in a symmetrical crown that can reach 8 to 10 feet wide. Mediterranean Fan palm trees have:

  • Triangular, fan shaped leaves
  • Leaves ranging in color from blue-green to gray-green to grey-yellow.
  • Multiple trunks surrounding the main trunk in more mature plants

Mediterranean (European Fan Palm

Cold Hardy Mediterranean Fan Palms Description

The Mediterranean fan palm trees form clumps than can grow up to 15' in height. The triangular, fan-shaped leaves grow to about 20-24" long by 24" wide. They are deeply divided into multiple segments that are themselves split at the tip and they are supported on 3-4' stems. Cold hardy California Fan palm trees are an extremely variable plant both in color (the leaves range from blue-green to gray-green to yellow-green) and in shape. Some plants form suckers more freely than others to become very shrubby plants that may reach 15' in width. Other individuals can be seen that are almost dwarf growing just 5' tall by 4' wide. These days it is popular to remove all but a few of the suckers and to prune the leaves to form a cluster of clear-trunked "mini" palms.

This small, multi-stemmed, hardy Mediterranean Fan palm is the only one native to Europe, and is hardier than most palms. The curved, clumping, short trunks and gray-green, fan-shaped leaves, borne thickly in a bushy head, make a stunning sculptural element in a garden or patio containers. The finetextured fronds make the palm stand out from other plants in the landscape. Leaf color on individual plants ranges from light green through silver. Although growth rate is slow, it is well worth the wait since even small plants will stand out nicely in almost any landscape.

Mediterranean (European) Fan Palm General Information

Scientific name: Chamaerops humilis
Pronunciation: ku-MEE-rops HEW-mil-liss
Common name(s): European Fan Palm
Family: Palmae
Plant type: tree; shrub
USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11
Planting month for zone 8: year round
Planting month for zone 9: year round
Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round
Origin: not native to North America
Uses: specimen; container or above-ground planter; near a deck or patio; foundation; border; mass planting; accent; suitable for growing indoors
Availability: generally available in many areas within its hardiness range

European Fan Palms Description

Height: 8 to 15 feet
Spread: 6 to 10 feet
Plant habit: upright; irregular outline or silhouette
Plant density: moderate
Growth rate: slow
Texture: fine

European Fan Palm Foliage

Leaf type: simple
Leaf margin: lobed
Leaf shape: star-shaped
Leaf venation: palmate
Leaf type and persistence: evergreen
Leaf blade length: more than 36 inches
Leaf color: silver/gray; blue or blue-green
Fall color: no fall color change
Fall characteristic: not showy

Mediterranean Fan Palm Tree Flower

Flower color: yellow
Flower characteristic: spring flowering

Mediterranean Fan Fruit

Fruit shape: round
Fruit length: less than .5 inch
Fruit cover: dry or hard
Fruit color: brown
Fruit characteristic: inconspicuous and not showy

Trunk and Branches

Trunk/bark/branches: showy; typically multi-trunked or clumping stems; can be trained to grow with a short, single trunk
Current year stem/twig color: not applicable
Current year stem/twig thickness: not applicable


Light requirement: plant grows in part shade/part sun
Soil tolerances: alkaline; clay; sand; acidic; loam
Drought tolerance: high
Soil salt tolerances: poor
Plant spacing: 36 to 60 inches


Roots: usually not a problem
Winter interest: no special winter interest
Outstanding plant: not particularly outstanding
Invasive potential: not known to be invasive
Pest resistance: long-term health usually not affected by pests

Mediterranean Fan Palms Usage

Cold hardy Mediterranean Fan Palm trees are as versatile as beautiful. With the leaves trimmed up to clear the trunk it makes a beautiful specimen plant - a  natural sculpture to grace your patio or entryway. Unpruned, Chamaerops humilis assume an attractive shrubby form. Use them as a screens or plant several side by side to form barriers. Planted in groupings they will accent that hard-to-garden, bare corner of your yard. Mediterranean Fan Palm trees are excellent in containers and urns.

Pests and Diseases

Mediterranean (European) Fan Palm Pests and Diseases

No diseases are of major concern.


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Large multistemmed Mediterranean (European) Fan Palm picture


Beautiful Mediterranean Fan Palm speciment

Mediterranean Fan Palm with 5 stems


Mediterranean Fan Palm Picture

Other Cold Hardy Palms you might be interested in:

Cold Hardy Palm Trees

True Date Palms (Phoenix dactylifera) 

Canary Island Date Palms (Phoenix canariensis) 

Texas Sabal Palms

(Sabal mexicana) 

Mediterranean Fan Palms (Chamaerops humilis)

California Fan Palms (Washingtonia filifera)

Windmill Palms
(Trachycarpus fortunei) 

Pindo Palms

(Butia capitata)  

Sago Palms

(Cycas revoluta) 

Mexican Fan Palms (Washingtonia robusta)

Queen Palm
(Syagrus romanzoffiana)

Date Palm
(Phoenix dactylifera)

Mediterranean (European) Fan Palm

Pictures of Palm Trees

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