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Mexican Fan Palm Trees - Cold Hardy Palms - (Washingtonia robusta) The Mexican Fan Palm Tree is noticeable by its slender trunk capped with crowns. We have a Mexican Fan Palm Tree pictures section which displays many different photos of the Mexican Fan Palm Tree
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Mexican Fan Palm Trees - Cold Hardy Palms

Cold Hardy Palm Trees Species

True Date Palms

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Mexican Fan Palms

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Mexican Fan Palms - Cold Hardy Palm Trees

(Washingtonia robusta)

Mexican Fan palm trees are cold hardy to 18 degrees (lower depending on the age and growth of the cold hardy palm tree),  Mexican Fan palm trees can grow up to 100 feet tall.  The following is detailed information on the cold hardy Mexican Fan palm.

Mexican Fan Palm Trees - (Washingtonia robusta)

Mexican Fan Palms (Washingtonia robusta) have many fine attributes including salt resistance and fast rate of growth. The cold hardy Mexican Fan Palm has a slender trunk topped with crowns of large fan-shaped evergreen fronds.

Cold Hardy Mexican Fan Palm Tree Overview

Soaring to over 100 ft (30.5 m), this skyscraper of the palm world is a striking sight. Mexican Fan Palms have:

  • A gray trunk ringed with closely set leaf scars although usually at least part of the trunks remain covered with dead leaves that hang in a thatch.
  • The solitary trunks, about 10-12 in (25.4-30.5 cm) in diameter, bulge at the ground and become slender as they approach a crown of large palmate leaves with gracefully drooping leaflet tips.

Mexican Fan Palm for Sale

Cold Hardy Mexican Fan Palm Trees Overview

Large, rapid growing, and hardy all describe the Mexican Fan Palms.   Native to the riparian washes and gullies of Northern Mexico, Baja, Southern California and Arizona Mexican Fan Palm trees are very drought and salt tolerant once established.  Adapted to a wide range of soil types, and climates.  This species easily hybridizes with the California/Desert Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera) and a wide variation in phenotypes (outward appearance and growth characteristics) occurs under cultivated conditions. 

Commonly seen at 40 to 50 feet but capable of soaring to 80 feet in height, Washington Palm is quickly recognized as the much-used, straight, single-trunked street palm of years past. The lower leaves persist on the tree after they die, forming a dense, brown, shaggy covering below the living, bright green, broad, fan-shaped leaves, giving it the common name of petticoat palm. These dead fronds are known to be a fire hazard and a popular bedding roost for rodents and, because of this, must be removed by law in some areas. The sharply barbed leaf petioles and tall, thin trunks make frond removal a rather unpleasant task, but some people think the rapid growth rate and statuesque appearance more than make up for this trouble.

Mexican Fan Palms Information

General Information

Scientific name: Washingtonia robusta
Pronunciation: wosh-ing-TOE-nee-uh roe-BUS-tuh
Common name(s): Washington Palm, Mexican Washington Palm
Family: Arecaceae
USDA hardiness zones: 8 through 11 (Fig. 2)
Origin: not native to North America

Mexican Fan Palm Tree Description

Height: 60 to 90 feet
Spread: 10 to 15 feet
Crown uniformity: symmetrical
Crown shape: palm, upright/erect
Crown density: open
Growth rate: moderate
Texture: coarse

Mexican Fan Palm Foliage

Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. 3)
Leaf type: costapalmate
Leaf margin: entire
Leaf shape: star-shaped
Leaf venation: palmate
Leaf type and persistence: broadleaf evergreen, evergreen
Leaf blade length: more than 36 inches
Leaf color: green
Fall color: no color change
Fall characteristic: not showy

Mexican Fan Palm Flower

Flower color: white/cream/gray
Flower characteristics: showy

Palm Fruit

Fruit shape: oval, round
Fruit length: less than .5 inch
Fruit covering: fleshy
Fruit color: black
Fruit characteristics: does not attract wildlife; not showy; fruit/leaves not a litter problem

Mexican Fan Palms Trunk and Branches

Trunk/bark/branches: branches don't droop; not showy; typically one trunk; thorns
Pruning requirement: little required
Breakage: resistant
Current year twig color: not applicable
Current year twig thickness:
Wood specific gravity: unknown

Mexican Fan Palm Tree Culture

Light requirement: full sun, partial sun or partial shade
Soil tolerances: clay; sand; loam; alkaline; acidic; occasionally wet; well-drained
Drought tolerance: high
Aerosol salt tolerance: high


Roots: not a problem
Winter interest: no
Outstanding tree: no
Ozone sensitivity: unknown
Verticillium wilt susceptibility: resistant
Pest resistance: resistant to pests/diseases

Mexican Fan Palms Usage and Maintenance

Washington Palm makes a dramatic statement in the large landscape and creates a striking accent for multi-storied homes but often grows out of scale in most landscapes with one-story buildings because all of the fronds are at the top of the palm. It looks like a telephone pole with a green hat. Washingtonia filifera is a much better choice in unirrigated landscapes, since it grows more slowly, is shorter, and the trunk is thicker.

Washington Palm needs full sun for best growth but will endure some shade while young. It will tolerate poor soil and drought, and is hardy to about 20-degrees F. Transplant with a large root ball to ensure survival.

Washingtonia filifera is shorter, has a thicker trunk, and is better suited for planting in dry urban landscapes, such as in Texas. They reportedly suffer and often die from root rot when irrigated. Select Washingtonia robusta in an irrigated landscape and for the eastern U.S.

Propagation is by seed.

Mexican Palm Pests

Coconut mealybug, palm leaf skeletonizer, palm platid planthopper and a variety of scales infest this palm.

Mexican Fan Palm Diseases

Root rot can occur if this palm is planted on a wet site.

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Mexican Fan Palm
Small - $ 69.95

Retail Price: 83.94
You Save: $13.99

Mexican Fan Palm - Medium - $ 239.95

Retail Price: 287.94
You Save: $47.99

Mexican Fan Palm
Large - $ 309.95

Retail Price: 371.94
You Save: $61.99


Other Cold Hardy Palms you might be interested in:

Cold Hardy Palm Trees

True Date Palms (Phoenix dactylifera) 

Canary Island Date Palms (Phoenix canariensis) 

Texas Sabal Palms

(Sabal mexicana) 

Mediterranean Fan Palms (Chamaerops humilis)

California Fan Palms (Washingtonia filifera)

Windmill Palms
(Trachycarpus fortunei) 

Pindo Palms

(Butia capitata)  

Sago Palms

(Cycas revoluta) 

Mexican Fan Palms (Washingtonia robusta)


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Mexican Fan Palms - (Washingtonia robusta)

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